Too high or too low are both not good.
High blood pressure or hypertension is even more dangerous as it is life threatening.
The frightening news is – one in three adults in America has high blood pressure and is not aware of it. In other words, around 70% of Americans are having hypertension without noticing it or taking any action to control it.
On the other hand, most people also tend to ignore low blood pressure and its effects to their health.
Now let’s get to the basics of blood pressure:
What is blood pressure?
It is the amount of force that blood applies to the arteries when it moves around your body.
How to take blood pressure?
Doctors will use a sphygmomanometer and stethoscope to listen and determine your systolic and diastolic blood pressure. You can also check yourself using home blood pressure monitor. The device will measure the movement of blood and present the values in digital form.
What is systolic and diastolic blood pressure?
Systolic and diastolic are the blood pressure values that are found on your readings.
Systolic (the top number) is the measurement of pressure when the heart is beating.
Diastolic (the bottom number) is the measurement of pressure when the heart is resting.
For example, 120/80 mm Hg. 120 represent systolic pressure and 80 is diastolic pressure.
Both of them are equally important in sustaining ideal blood pressure.
What is the ideal blood pressure?
The normal blood pressure range for adult is 120/80 mm Hg. However, the numbers vary according to factors like age and gender. For instance, children’s normal range is lower than adults and adults’ values are lower than the elderly. Please refer to this blood pressure chart to understand the average range for yourself.
How high is high blood pressure and what is considered low or hypotension?
Readings with numbers greater than 140/90 mm Hg is considered as hypertension.
Readings with numbers lesser than 90/60 mm Hg is considered as hypotension.
What are hypertension symptoms?
Sadly to say that there are no obvious symptoms of high blood pressure. That’s why it is called the ‘silent killer’. You can only diagnose it by checking your blood pressure numbers.
Does high blood pressure run in families?
Unfortunately – yes. Although you may have the risk of getting hypertension due to family history, but that is not a death sentence. There are certain steps that you can take to maintain a healthy level of blood pressure. In fact, heart attack and strokes are preventable.
What are low blood pressure symptoms?
People with hypotension may feel weak, tired, cold, dehydration, dizzy, fainting, blurry vision, hard to concentrate, nausea, chest pain and having fast yet shallow breathing.
Is low blood pressure dangerous?
Prolonged lack of blood, oxygen and nutrients will cause organs failure, damage or even circulatory shock. No, not the emotional kind of shock. It’s a type of fatal illness. Besides that, low blood pressure can be a sign of other heart problems, hence you need to consult with your doctor about this.